Amur Leopard

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In the science world they are known as the Panthera pardus orientalis but the public knows them as Amur Leopards.




The Amur Leopard is one of the most critically endangered cats in the world with the last recorded number being 35 remaining in the wild. The Amur Leopard is one of the ten living subspecies there is of the leopard, but it is distinctive through its pale coat and dark rosettes which are large and widely spaced with thick, unbroken rings. The Amur Leopard has adapted well to living in harsh, cold climates of its range, and can grow a thick coat as long as 7 cm in the winter.

The male leopards weigh around 32 - 48 kg and the females tend to weigh around 25 - 43 kg. These leopards are predominately solitary and do most of their hunting at night. They are skillful hunters as they silently stalk their prey, creeping through the nearby brush until they are a few meters and strike the down. They tend to prey on a wide range of animals from hares to Sitka deer.

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Range: The range of the Amur Leopard today is the Russian Far East, but there may be a few individuals in the Jilin Province of northeast China.

Habitat: Their habitat occurs in any area that can provide cover in temperate forests.

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  • Hunted for their coat and for their bones which are used in traditional Chinese medicine

  • The animals that the leopards prey on have also been greatly depleted, which causes the leopards to feed on domestic livestock like farmed deer, and therefore inciting further persecution

  • Wild fires and economic development such as the oil pipeline which threatens the refugee for these leopards.

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  • Protected

  • NGOs such as Phoenix, supported by funds from the Tigris Foundation, AMUR and the Zoological Society of London (ZSL), carry out anti-poaching patrols, firefighting and education programmes as well as providing compensation funds for local livestock

  • Population monitoring and ecological studies are spearheaded by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) working with Russian scientists

  • Clearing land to build a national park

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Interesting Facts:

  1. Leopards give a distinctive rasping call, rather than a growl, as their main vocalization

  2. Can run at speeds of up to 37 miles per hour

  3. Can leap more than 19 feet horizontally and up to 10 feet vertically.

Video Link:

Amur Leopard Overview

Links to other sites:

Works Cited:

"Amur Leopard." - Saving Wildlife. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <>.
"Amur Leopard." - WWF UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <>"Amur Leopard (Panthera Pardus Orientalis)." Amur Leopard Videos, Photos and Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2013. <>.
"Welcome." ALTA Conservation RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013. <>.
"Welcome to AMURConservation Charity for the Amur Leopard and Tiger." Amur. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013. <>. World Wildlife Fund, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2013. <>.