Arctic Poppy
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Arctic Poppy (Papaver laestadianum)

By: Hannah Smolko & Katie Villier

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Papaverales
Family: Papaveraceae
Genus: Papaver
Species: laestadianum


Description:
The Arctic Poppy is a plant found in the coldest parts of the Arctic. It has four yellow petals with a long, narrow stem covered in black hairs. The poppy follows the sun’s light, taking in a maximum amount of light for photosynthesis and attraction for insects. They are poisonous, but at a low level. If eaten, these plants can be toxic to the animals.



Arctic Poppy - The Final Frontier
Arctic Poppy - The Final Frontier

Arctic Poppy - The Final Frontier
Arctic Poppy - The Final Frontier




Where do they live
The Arctic poppy is the most northern living plant in the world, being able to survive in the coldest parts of the Arctic. They can be found in the northern parts of Europe including Sweden, Norway, and Scandinavia.
Globally, these plants are rare to be found because they only live in the northern range of the Earth.
The Arctic Poppies like to grow around rocky areas in mountains or plains because the rocks provide a shelter for the roots.



Arctic Poppy - The Final Frontier
Arctic Poppy - The Final Frontier





Estimated number left
According to the IUNC Red List, it is estimated that there are approximately 250-1,000 poppies in Norway but the population as a whole is declining. In Sweden there are about 1,000 poppies and the population is becoming stable.
With these numbers, the IUNC Red List has classified this plant as a species vulnerable to endangerment.


Reasons
-Major reasons for the poppies being endangered are the climate changes in Norway. The temperature is starting to rise and the poppies are not able to withstand the temperature.
-The global climate also posses as a threat to the Arctic Poppies along with the temperature.
-An increase in temperatures is the only major threat to the poppies.
-There are no threats towards these poppies in Sweden.


Measures for prevention
There is only one species of these poppies that are currently protected in Sweden. The Arctic Poppy is protected by regulations that prohibit removing and/or causing damage to the poppies.
There are currently no other measures taken to protect this plant.


Works Cited
__http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/161870/0__

"ARKive - Discover the world's most endangered species."//ARKive - Discover the world's most endangered species//. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2012. <http://www.arkive.org>.

"Eco Field Guide: Arctic poppy ."Welcome to EcoKids Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2012. <http://www.ecokids.ca/pub/eco_info/topics/field_guide/plants/arctic_poppy.cfm>.

"BBC Nature - Arctic poppy videos, news and facts." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Feb. 2012. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Papaver_radicatum#p00l734h>.