Adenium "Desert Rose"
Adenium Mutiflorum
By: Kaycee Klinedinst
AP Biology
November 2013

Scientific Name: Adenium Mulltiflorum
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Adenium

Adenium are small, tender and juicy trees native to central and eastern South Africa. It is also found on the Arabian Peninsula. Like other members of the Apocynaceae family, Adenium have a milky latex, along with toxic alkaloids such as cardiac glycosides. Adenium is a deciduous shrub or small tree standing 0.5-3 meters tall. The shape resembles a miniature baobab. The stems arise from a large underground rootstock and the bark is shiny grey to brown which houses a poisonous latex.

Where Adenium Can Be Found
Adenium are native to the deserts of south and east Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Adenium flower in the late winter. Adenium are able to store water in their stem and branches to sustain it through long periods of little or no water. Its succulent characteristic makes it able to survive in the arid southwest.

How many are remaining?
There is no data collected on the remaining population of Adenium. There is also no chart/table representing the unknown data.

Reasons Why Adenium are Endangered
Adenium are endangered because Africans use them for resources. The stem latex of Adenium has long been used in Zimbabwe and Zambia to prepare arrow and fish poison for hunting. In Zimbabwe, the root and stem latex are used in veterinary medicine. An extract is given against diarrhea and eye diseases in domestic birds. It is also grown for its curious habit and amazing flowers. In Zimbabwe, Adenium is relished by cattle and also wild animals.

Measures Being Taken to Save Adenium
There are no measures being taken to save Adenium from going extinct. Adenium are used for meaningful purposes such as spreading the toxic juices on spears to kill animals, which help people survive. People do not think they are doing harm because they use the plant to better survive therefore nobody is taking any action.

Interesting Facts About Adenium
  • Adenium need the maximum amount of light available (up to full sun) to survive.
  • Adenium have to grow outside in direct sunlight, not through a window.
  • Adenium produce an abundance of pink/red somewhat tubular flowers.
  • If these flowers are pollinated, they will produce long fingerlike double fruits.
  • At the end of its growing season due to lower temperatures, the adeniums will drop their leaves and enter a dormant stage.

Adenium Book Back Cover.jpg

Want to find out more? Visit the sites below!

Caring for Your Desert Rose
Adenium Seeding Time Lapse

Works Cited
"About Us." DI International RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Adenium Multiflorum." Adenium Multiflorum. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Adeniums." ARKive. ARKive, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Adeniums." Ferrebeekeeper. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Care of Adeniums-Karoo Rose." Desert Gardening Guides. Desert Botanical Garden, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Caring for Your Desert Rose (Adenium Spp.).mp4." YouTube. YouTube, 19 Aug. 2011. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Desert Rose (adenium) Seedling Timelapse." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Apr. 2012. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"File:Arabian Peninsula.PNG." - Wikimedia Commons. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
"Google." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.
N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <>.