The American Marten ( Martes Americana)
American-marten-climbing.jpg


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Mustelidae
Genus: Martes

The American Marten, also commonly known as the Pine Marten, is a rare member of the weasel family, and is related to other mammals such as the otter, mink, and wolverine.These small animals have long bushy tails, elongated bodies, and soft fur that can range from the color yellow to a reddish brown. The males weigh on average about 1275 g, while the females (who are noticeably smaller) weigh about 772 g.
The primary habitats of the American Marten are mature, dense conifer forests, mixed conifer-hardwood, and hardwood dominated forests. The American Marten population extends from the Sierra Nevada mountains and the rocky mountains, to Alaska and Canada, They have also been located in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, Maine, New York and New Hampshire.

marten distribution.jpg
Population dustribution of marten across the world. American marten are represented in green


The newfoundland population of american marten had been named an endangered species in 1996 by the COSEWIC. The american marten at one point was on high demand economically for it’s fur, and was frequently trapped. Then in 1934, when officials realized that the population was declining rapidly, commercial hunting of this animal was stopped. Still, the population of american marten has been slow to recover.As of 2010, the current population of american marten in newfoundland was only 286-566 in 5 subpopulations.

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Young Amerian Marten on tree branch


In regard to current conservation methods, the American marten is currently protected by the Endangered Species act and Species at Risk act. These animals are also granted protection in several national parks, such as Gros Morne National Park in Newfoundland. Despite protection, there are many threats that still plague the American Marten today. Loss of habitat, accidental killing with traps and snares, and reduction in landscape connectivity are all factors that still endanger the American Marten population and limit recovery of this species.

There are several videos on youtube of the American Marten Here is a cute video of an american marten frolicking in the snow:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHipW9yXjLI


Work Cited:

"American Marten (Martes Americana)." American Marten Videos, Photos and Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2013. <__http://www.arkive.org/american-marten/martes-americana/__>.

"Www.arlis.org Docs Vol1 69415913 Gerrow Unedited Sept 18." www.arlis.org Docs Vol1 69415913 Gerrow Unedited Sept 18. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2013.


Recovery Plan: American Marten (Martes Americana Atrata) in Newfoundland." Newfoundland Marten Recovery Team, n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2013.

<__http://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/Marten-Recovery-Plan.pdf__>.

The Newfoundland Marten." The Newfoundland Marten. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Apr. 2013. <__http://www.newfoundlandmarten.ca/page.php?pid=21__>.

Video:

"American Marten Playing in the Snow." YouTube. YouTube, 15 Dec. 2010. Web. 15 Apr. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHipW9yXjLI>.